Top Attractions in Zambia
Apart from the spectacular Victoria Falls, Zambia is also blessed with 17 other cascading waterfalls. It has the largest water resources in the whole of southern Africa with 5 massive lakes including Lake Kariba and Tanganyika and ample rivers which sustain villages and wildlife alike. It offers excellent fishing and tours into the remote undeveloped rural areas offer a glimpse of village life.
Considered to be the adventure Capital of Zambia and just 10 km’s from the Victoria Falls Livinstone is home to many companies offering adventure activities on the Zambezi, and around the Falls. Named after the famous Victorian missionary explorer, Dr. David Livingstone, the Town was established
in 1905. As a major European settlement, the town was made the capital of Northern Rhodesia in 1911. As the capital, it enjoyed excellent facilities far superior to anything in the country, as can be seen from the surviving Edwardian colonial buildings that line the city's main road, and even had the
distinction of having the country's first newspaper. The capital was moved to Lusaka in 1935 and the bustling city has become a quiet town, a little neglected but still retaining a special charm. The
proximity to the Zambezi River and the spectacular Victoria Falls has led it to become a base for travelers from all over the world wanting to explore this Seventh wonder of the World. Activities
include; local tours to the Victoria Falls, white water rafting, canoeing, Abseiling and horse
Victoria Falls - Zambia
Described by the Kololo tribe living in the area around the 1800’s as ‘Mosi-oa-Tunya’ - ‘the Smoke that Thunders’ and in more modern terms as ‘the greatest known curtain of falling water’, Victoria
Falls are a spectacular sight of awe-inspiring beauty and grandness on the Zambezi River, bordering Zambia and Zimbabwe. At the height of the flood season columns of spray can be seen from kilometers away as 546 million cubic meters of water per minute crash down over the edge, over a width of nearly two kilometers into a deep gorge approximately 100 m below. The wide basalt cliff, over which the falls thunder, transforms the Zambezi from a wide placid river to a violent torrent cutting through a series of dramatic gorges. A path along the edge of the forest provides an
unmatched series of views of the Falls. A special vantage point is across the Knife edge bridge, where visitors can have the finest view of the Eastern Cataract and the Main Falls as well as the Boiling Pot where the river turns and heads down the Batoka Gorge. Other vantage points include the Falls Bridge and the Lookout Tree which commands a panoramic view across the Main Falls. The Victoria Falls Bridge also affords one with a breathtaking 360 degree view of both the gorge on the one side and the falls on the other. During the dry season, one can take a walk along the lip of the
Falls themselves. Sometimes the water is low enough to walk all the way across to Livingstone Island, the place where David Livingstone had his first glimpse of the Falls.
Mukuni Victoria Falls Craft Village
The Mukuni Victoria Falls Craft Village is situated in the parking area just above the Falls where most of the walks begin. It is the best place for a wide range of crafts and curios. From intricate animal carvings in stone, wood, or the beautiful green malachite, masks, drums, marimbas, spoons, book
ends, walking sticks, jewellery and much more. Vendors can be really pushy yelling for your attention from all sides, so be firm. Look at everything before buying as some offer better quality than others. They are usually happy to trade for things like T shirts, batteries, shoes, or anything else hard to come by in Zambia.
Victoria Falls Field Museum
The Victoria Falls Field Museum is situated alongside the craft village. This little museum attempts to explain how the falls were formed over the millenia. It is built over an actual excavation site that has uncovered evidence of early hominids that lived in the area as far back as 2.5 million years ago.
Mukuni Village is an authentic tribal village where thousands of people live and work. In July of
each year the Leya people partake in the colorful Lwiindi Ceremony. The local people believe the
spirits of their ancestors still dwell in the gorges of the Falls and during the Lwiindi, they offer sacrifices to them for rain.
Mosi O Tunya National Park
The park is situated along the upper Zambezi stretching from and including the Falls for about 12kms up river. It is only 66 square kilometers but provides a home for numerous antelope species, zebra, giraffe and the recently acquired white rhinos. These are the only rhinos to be seen in Zambia as its previously large population has been completely eliminated through poaching. One can take a pleasant drive around the park in a couple of hours and almost all the species there should be seen at close range. Since there are no predators, they are very relaxed and offer some excellent photographic opportunities.
Running for a length of 2700 km’s the Zambezi is Africa’s fourth largest River system, after the Nile, Zaire and Niger Rivers. It runs through six countries on its journey from central Africa to
the Indian Ocean. Its unique nature is that it is less developed than others in terms of human settlement and many areas along its banks enjoy protected status. Its force has carved the
spectacular Victoria Falls and the meandering Batoka Gorge. The Zambezi has been dammed at
various points along the way to create the great Kariba Dam between Zambia and Zimbabwe and Cabora Bassa Dam in Mozambique. The Zambezi provides countless opportunities for water sports and game viewing.
Lake Kariba - Zambia
This is Africa's largest man made lake, 226 km’s long and in places up to 40 km wide. A
visit to the Dam Wall is worth a visit. The Lake provides considerable electric power to both Zambia and Zimbabwe and supports a thriving commercial fishing industry. The tiger fish, considered by many to be one of the finest game fish around have flourished in the rich waters of the lake. The introduction to Kariba of kapenta, tiny sardine-like fish, has proved very successful. The sheer size of the Lake makes one forget it's a lake and in certain places it almost feels like an ocean! Lake Kariba is considered to be Zambia's undiscovered Riviera and offers spectacular views, stunning sunsets, great sport fishing, boating opportunities, water sports and wonderful relaxing holidays. The weather is mostly sunny and warm. It can however get quite hot in mid summer, but even mid winter days are fair and the nights are pleasant. A houseboat holiday is a great way to spend a few days under the sun, and the best time to plan a visit is over a full moon when the nightfall atmosphere between sunset and full moon
rise on this lake is quite breathtaking.
Chirundu Fossel Forest
21 km’s from Chirundu, on the road to Lusaka, lies a fossil forest with remnants of trees over 150 million years old. Sections of tree trunks up to three meters long are exposed as a result of erosion of the surrounding soft red sandstone. Scattered over the area are sparse Middle and
late Stone Age industries, indicating that these people sometimes made use of fossil wood for making stone implements.
Lake Tanganyika’s is a border for four countries and its waters splash the shores of Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia. It is the longest fresh water lake in the world and the second deepest after lake Baikal in Russia. The immense depth is because it lies
in the Great Rift Valley, which also has created its steep shoreline. It reaches a depth of 1433 m, which is an astounding 642m below sea level. Although Zambia can only lay claim to 7% of its surface area, it stretches from north to south at a distance of 677 km’s and averages approximately 50 km’s in width. The clear waters are home to more than 350 different species
of fish most of which are endemic and are well known for aquarium fish exports and excellent angling. Species of particular note include the Giant Nile Perch and Small Nile Perch which are important commercial and sports fishing species. The Goliath Tiger and the English Fish or Lake
Tanganyika yellow-belly which are important angling species (the latter being especially prized for its good eating). The Kapenta which is an important source of fish-protein in Zambia, and a great variety of endemic Cychlids are also be found here. The Lake is essentially a
landlocked sea but in years of heavy rain it overflows into the Lukuga River which in turn
feeds the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Lualaba River. Lake Tanganyika has a remarkably uniform temperature. The lower regions are only a mere 3° C colder than the surface. Crocodiles inhabit most of the shoreline, except around Mpulungu, probably due to the noise of people and motorboats. Swimming in the Mpulungu area of the lake is an absolute treat.
Water is warm, clear and salt free and often changes from silky stillness, to high waves affording great body surfing.
Zambia was born with a ‘copper spoon in its mouth’ and it was copper that motivated
infrastructural development in a country low on the priority list in the Colonial selection. Its economic importance was severely damaged by a crash in global copper prices in 1973. With the collapse of copper prices, production and employment levels dropped from the 1969 peak when the Copper-belt made Zambia the world's 4th largest copper producer. Zambia has since become a nation foundering, struggling to find a replacement for foreign exchange earnings.
Copper, once the country’s saving grace, has become its encumbrance. The Copper-belt is
easily reached by road from Lusaka and the main cities of the Copper-belt are: Kitwe 64 km’s west of Ndola is Kitwe, the hub of the Copper-belt and the principle industrial and commercial centre of the area. The city owes its existence to the copper mining industry but a considerable number of secondary industries have been established. Ndola is an important commercial
centre in Zambia, and lies some 320 kilometers north of Lusaka. It is the gateway to the mineral producing region of the country. Like Lusaka, the development of Ndola has been rapid and extensive. There are many manufacturing industries here, including a major copper refinery. Although copper is still Zambia’s largest foreign exchange earner and the mainstay
of the national economy, the city of Ndola has established itself as a commercial and light
industrial centre of considerable importance, as well as being the junction and distribution centre for the Copper-belt complex.